Kerosene / JP54 / D2 / D6 / A1

corrosion
corrosion, copper strip, classification (2 hours +/- 5 min. at 100 ºc +/- 1ºc) max 1 154 d 130
Category:

Description

TEST METHOD
PROPERTY
LIMITS
IP
ASTM
REMARKS
appearance
visual appearance clear, bright and visually free from solid matter and un-dissolved water at ambient fuel temperature
colour report d 156 or d 6045 see note 1
particulate contamination mg/l max 1.0 423 d 5452 see note 2
particulate, cumulative channel particle counts, iso code & individual channel counts 564 or 565 or 577 see note 3
≥ 4 μm(c) report
≥ 6 μm(c) report
≥ 14 μm(c) report
≥ 21 μm(c) report
≥ 25 μm(c) report
≥ 30 μm(c) report
composition
total acidity, mg koh/g max 0.015 354 d 3242 see note 4
aromatics, % v/v. max 25.0 156 d 1319
or total aromatics, % v/v max 26.5 436 d 6379 see note 5
sulphur, total, % m/m max 0.30 336 d 1266 or d 2622 or d 4294 or d 5453
sulphur, mercaptan, % m/m max 0.0030 342 d 3227
or doctor test negative 30 d 4952 see note 6
refinery components at point of manufacture: see note 7
non hydroprocessed components, %v/v report (incl. ‘nil’ or ‘100%’)
mildly hydroprocessed components, % v/v report (incl. ‘nil’ or ‘100%’)
severely hydroprocessed components, % v/v report (incl. ‘nil’ or ‘100%’)
synthetic components, %v/v report (incl. ‘nil’ or ‘50%’) see note 4 for limits for synthetic components
incidental materials
fatty acid methyl ester (fame), mg/kg max 50 585 or 583 or 590 or 599 astm d7797 see notes 8, 9 and 10
volatility
distillation 123 d86 or d7345., see note 11
initial boiling point, ºc report
fuel recovered see note 11
10% v/v at ºc max 205.0 or ip 406 or d 2887
50% v/v at ºc report see note 12
90% v/v at ºc report
end point, ºc max 300.0
residue, % v/v max 1.5
loss, % v/v max 1.5
flash point, ºc min 38.0 170 or 523 d 56 or d 3828
density at 15ºc, kg/m³ 775.0 min to 840.0 max 160 or 365 d 1298 or d 4052 see note 13
fluidity
freezing point, ºc max -47.0 16 or 435 or 528 or 529 d 5972 or d 7153 or d 7154 see note 14
viscosity at -20ºc, mm2/s(cst) max 8.000 71 d 445 or d7042, see note 15
combustion
specific energy, net, mj/kg min 42.80 12 or 355 d 3338 or d 4809 see note 16
smoke point, mm min 25.0 598 d 1322 see note 17
or
smoke point, mm min 18.0 598 d 1322 see note 17
and naphthalenes, % vol max 3.00 d 1840
corrosion
corrosion, copper strip, classification (2 hours +/- 5 min. at 100 ºc +/- 1ºc) max 1 154 d 130
stability
thermal stability (jftot) 323 d 3241 see note 18
control temperature, ºc min 260 323 d 3241 see note 18
filter pressure differential, mm hg max 25
one of the following requirements shall be met:
(1) annex b vtr less than 3, no ‘peacock’ or ‘abnormal’ colour deposits
(2) annex c itr or annex d etr, average over area of 2.5mm² max 85
contaminants
existent gum, mg/100ml max 7 540 d 381
microseparometer (msep), rating
fuel with static dissipator additive min 70 d 3948 see note 19
or
fuel without static dissipator additive min 85
conductivity
electrical conductivity, ps/m 50 min to 600 max 274 d 2624 see note 20
lubricity
bocle wear scar diameter, mm max 0.85 d 5001 see note 21
additives (names and approval code from def stan 91-091/9 should be quoted on quality certificates).
antioxidant, mg/l (in final batch max 24.0 see note 22
in hydroprocessed & synth. fuels (mandatory) min 17.0 see note 23
in non-hydroprocessed fuels (optional) ma 24.0 see note 24
metal deactivator, mg/l (optional) *
first doping max 2.0
cumulative concentration after field re-doping max 5.7
static dissipator, mg/l*
first doping max 3.0
cumulative concentration after field re-doping max 5.0
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